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Biology

BIOL

1103 -- Principles of Biology -- 3 credit hours
Emphasis is placed on establishing a foundation in scientific method and the cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects of biology.  Not accepted as credit toward the Biology program's majors, minors, or areas of concentration.  Course rotation: All semesters.  General Education: Core -- Inquiry & Analysis.

1204 -- Introduction to Cellular Biology -- 4 credit hours
Applies the scientific method of study to cell biology, genetics, and molecular biology.  Lectures are integrated with laboratory exercises.  Successful completion satisfies the requirements for a major or minor in Biology.  Prerequisite: BIOL 1103 with a minimum grade of C or MATH 1013 with a minimum grade of C or minimum ACT mathematics sub-score of 26.  Note: Students must first complete or test out of the reading sequence before taking this course.   Course rotation: All semesters.  General Education: Core -- Inquiry & Analysis.

1214 -- Introduction to Organismal Biology -- 4 credit hours
Provides an introductory study of animal and plant kingdoms, emphasizing structure, function, and reproduction of animals and plants.  Lectures are fully integrated with lab exercises which include animal and plant dissections as well as plant growth experiments.  Successful completion of this course satisfies the requirements for a major or minor in Biology.  Note: Students must first complete or test out of the reading sequence before taking this course.  Course rotation: All semesters.

2104 -- Microbiology -- 4 credit hours
Provides a fundamental and applied approach to microbiological study, emphasizing prokaryotic cell structure, physiology, metabolism, and genetics and introducing microbial diversity (virology, parasitology, and mycology) and immunology.  The laboratory is a two-hour series that correlates with the lecture.  Lab skills include standard microbiological techniques, scientific inquiry and analysis, and bacterial identifications.  Students will develop discipline-specific scientific writing skills by using primary literature reviews and writing formal scientific research reports.  Prerequisites: Two semesters of college biology and one semester of college chemistry, with minimum grades of C.

2204 -- Animal Diversity -- 4 credit hours
Study of animal characteristics and review of phylogeny of major animal groups with special attention to invertebrates. -Students learn the diversity of Kentucky fauna by participating in "The Great Kentucky Critter Hunt."  This course employs traditional lecture and laboratory formats; it requires active student participation in developing a field collection.  Recommended for science majors only.  Prerequisites:  BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Spring.

2314 -- Plant Diversity -- 4 credit hours
Study of plant characteristics and review of plant diversity.  Students learn Linnaean classification and use of dichotomous keys, comparative anatomy through dissection, and plant kingdom survey.  Students will complete a taxonomic collection of specimens from a species list of representative Kentucky plants.  Recommended for science majors only.  Prerequisites:  BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C.  Course rotation: Fall.

2603 -- Conservation Biology -- 3 credit hours
Introduces conservation biology, the science of preserving biodiversity.  A new major discipline, conservation biology incorporates biological principles in the design of effective strategies for the sustainable management of populations, species, and ecosystems. In particular, it explores the fundamental problems of habitat loss and fragmentation, habitat disturbance, and the non-sustainable exploitation of species in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.  Prerequisites: BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Varies.

2604 -- Environmental Science -- 4 credit hours
Physical processes of the environment and their interaction with human development, industrialization, and pollution are examined.  Labs with special emphasis on environmental ecology, resource management, and aquatic environments from a watershed perspective.  Prerequisites: BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Varies.

2614 -- Human Anatomy -- 4 credit hours
An introduction to the anatomy of the human body.  Includes the study of major tissues and major body systems.  It employs the use of microscopy, models and dissection in laboratory settings.  Attention is paid to the needs of pre-health science majors.  A two-hour lab supports the topics of the lecture portion of the course.  Course rotation: Fall and spring.

2624 -- Human Physiology -- 4 credit
An introduction to the physiology of the human body.  Includes the study of the physiology of major body systems.  Course includes instruction on homeostasis and basic cellular physiology.  Attention is paid to the needs of pre-health science majors.  A two-hour lab supports the topics of the lecture portion of the course.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2614 with a minimum grade of C or equivalent.  Course rotation: Fall and spring.

2702 -- Medical Terminology -- 2 credit hours
Introduces basic health care terminology.  The use of prefixes, roots, and suffixes, along with the breakdown of words into separate definite components, is used to ascertain the meaning of words associated with healthcare careers.  Self-paced learning for mastery of the material.  Course rotation:  Varies.

3103 -- Cell Biology -- 3 credit hours
An integration of biological, chemical, and physical aspects of the cell.  Lectures emphasize molecular processes in the cell including organelle structure and function, membranes, cytoskeleton, respiration, trafficking, and signaling.  Prerequisites:  BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C and CHEM 1224 or instructor's permission.  Recommended: CHEM 3322 and CHEM 3323.  Course rotation: Spring.

3203 -- Pathophysiology -- 3 credit hours
Emphasis on physiological mechanisms in regard to disease, pharmacological actions, and providing a bridge between basic science and the clinic.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2624 with a minimum grade of C.  Course rotation: Varies.

3204 -- Genetics -- 4 credit hours
A study of the major features of heredity, including patterns of transmission; the nature of hereditary information; and the structure, replication, expression, and regulation of this information.  Integrated laboratory exercises focus on the patterns of transmission, the nature of RNA, DNA, and chromosomes, and the regulation of gene expression.  Modern genetic techniques - such as gel electrophoresis, DNA transformation, and PCR - will be employed.  Prerequisites: BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C and CHEM 1224 or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Fall.  General Education: Intermediate -- Communication; Intermediate -- Inquiry & Analysis.

3304 -- Ecology -- 4 credit hours
Concentrates on fundamental principles of ecology and modern topics of ecological interest, e.g., community and biosphere ecology and biodiversity.  Laboratory of a strong field component that emphasizes various data collection methods, identification of local flora and fauna, and statistical analysis.  Requires independent effort and may exceed scheduled time.  Prerequisites: BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C and junior standing or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Varies.

3403 -- Theory of Natural Selection -- 3 credit hours
A study of the writings of Ernst Mayr as a tool for understanding the fundamental philosophical reasoning supporting Darwin's discovery.  Takes the student from the time of Darwin and finishes with modern discoveries by this now 150-year-old research program.  Employs recitation and lecture format.  Note: This course is recommended as an elective to junior or senior students of any discipline Course rotation: Varies.

3503 -- Economic Botany -- 3 credit hours
Surveys of various economic uses of plants including plants used as food, spices, oils, beverages, fibers, dyes, sources of industrial materials, building supplies, ornamentals and pharmacological sources for designer drugs.  Recommended elective for psychology majors.  BIOL 2314 recommended.  Prerequisite:  Successful completion of a general education biology course (BIOL 1204 or SCI 1013).  Course rotation: Varies.

3513 -- Animal Behavior -- 3 credit hours
A study of the history and development of science up to modern discoveries in foraging theory, reproductive strategies, sexual selection, social behavior, domestication, learning, migration, and more.  The course employs special topical readings followed up by recitation and discussion plus formal lectures.  A few field trips to a local blackbird roost are required.  Note: This course is recommended as an elective to junior or senior students in any discipline.  Course rotation: Varies.

3703 -- Immunology -- 3 credit hours
An introductory study of the vertebrate non-specific and specific immunity and how these two corresponding immune responses work together to defend the host of invading pathogens.  Connections will be made between the effective processes of immunity and organismal integrity.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2104 with a minimum grade of C or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Varies

4204 -- Plant Ecology -- 4 credit hours
Provides a range of topics from plant adaptations to habitat disturbance and succession to landscape ecology and conservation.  Application of geographic information systems (GIS) analysis, global positioning systems (GPS), and habitat assessment (HA) methods will highlight the hands-on labs to provide students with practical job-related experience and specific technical expertise.  Prerequisites: Junior standing and BIOL 3304 with a minimum grade of C or instructor's permission.  Course rotation: Varies.

4213 -- Human Genetics -- 3 credit hours
Provides an understanding of the genetic basis for human disease with an emphasis on the principles and methods of molecular genetics.  Topics include monogenic traits, cytogenetics, non-Mendelian inheritance, cancer genetics, and complex genetics.  Papers from current literature will supplement lecture material.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3204 with a minimum grade of C.  Course rotation: Varies.

4214 -- Plant Propagation -- 4 credit hours
Provides an overview of contemporary plant propagation techniques, including grafting and micropropagation, and emphasizing their biological and evolutionary basis.  Plant breeding will be discussed as part of the overall (seed) propagation process.  The course also includes a strong research component.  Aside from the experimentation built into the propagation labs, students will work in groups to design and conduct their own plant propagation experiments.  Students will prepare research abstracts for the propagation experiments and lab reports and posters for their group research projects.  We will also design and execute a class service learning project.  Prerequisites: BIOL 2314 with a minimum grade of C.  Course rotation: Varies

4314 -- Animal Physiology -- 4 credit hours
Study of the function of organisms by a comparative approach with special attention to vertebrates.  Focus is on homeostasis, buffer systems, basics of osmotic control, nerve and muscle function, kidney, cardiovascular, respiratory, function, and metabolic processes.  Laboratory is integrated with lecture and uses vivisection where possible.  Prerequisites:  BIOL 1204 and BIOL 1214 with a minimum grade of C.  Course rotation: Varies.

4404 -- Molecular Biology -- 4 credit hours
Advanced theory and methods in the study of gene expression in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, genetic engineering, and molecular biology including DNA replication, regulation of gene expression, protein expression and purification. Integrated lab exercises include DNA manipulations, DNA cloning and mapping, protein expression and purification.  Note: Recommended for pre-health science majors.  Prerequisites: BIOL 3204 with a minimum grade of C and CHEM 1224.  Course rotation: Varies.

4604 -- Aquatic Biology -- 4 credit hours
Introduction to concepts in lake and stream ecology. In lab, students will assess abiotic (physical and geomorphical) aspects of aquatic ecosystems, e.g., wet chemistry and physiometric assessments.  Students will also employ various aquatic survey techniques to assess biotic aspects of lakes and streams, including rapid biological assessment used state and federal agencies.  Prerequisites: Junior standing and successful completion of BIOL 2204 and BIOL 2314 with a grade of C.  Course rotation: Varies.   

4912 -- Seminar I -- 2 credit hours
The introductory portion of the senior capstone sequence.  A comparative critique of existing peer-reviewed research prepares the student for a study of current literature in a selected biology topic of the student's interest.  Students will prepare and practice two short oral presentations on the initial stages of their research project.  Students will submit a novel biology research proposal in draft form at the end of the course integrating multiple peer-reviewed references into a cohesive proposal.  Prerequisite or Corequisite: MATH 2043 and junior standing in the Biology program.  Course rotation: All semesters.

 4921 -- Seminar II -- 1 credit hour
A continuation of the senior capstone research project from BIOL 4912.  Students will finalize their written research proposal according to discipline-specific, written research standards.  Students will formally present their completed research proposal to peers and faculty.  Both peers and Faculty will evaluate the scientific validity and communication of the proposal.  Note: Completion of the ETS Biology Field Test is required for passage of this course.  Prerequisites: Senior standing and successful completion, with a minimum grade of C, of BIOL 2204 or BIOL 2314, BIOL 3203, BIOL 3304 or BIOL 3403, and BIOL 4912.  Course rotation: All semesters.

 

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